Turkish Journal of Nephrology
Case Report

Two Cases Presenting with Acute Renal Failure: One with Renal Lymphoma and Other with Lung Cancer Metastases to the Kidneys

1.

İstanbul Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

2.

İstanbul Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Nefroloji Bilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

3.

İstanbul Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Patoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

Turkish J Nephrol 2010; 19: 213-217
DOI: 10.5262/tndt.2010.1003.12
Read: 696 Downloads: 449 Published: 13 February 2019

Acute renal failure (ARF) due to tumor cell infiltration to the renal parenchyma is a rare condition. Here,
we report two cases; first one with lung carcinoma metastasis to renal parenchyma and the second one
with non-Hodgkin lymphoma infiltration of renal parenchyma both presenting with acute renal failure
and diagnosed by renal biopsy. Case 1: A 66-year-old female patient was admitted with dyspnea, pretibial
edema and oliguria (200 cc/day). On physical examination a blood pressure of 160/110 mmHg, bilateral
pretibial edema and hepatomegaly palpable 5 cm below the costal margin were noticed. Laboratory
test results were significant for a Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) level of 141 mg/dL, serum creatinine
level of 5.9 mg/dL, LDH level of 2562 IU/L, anemia, leukocytosis (WBC:20.000/µL), 2(+) proteinuria,
microscopic hematuria and pyuria. Intractable metabolic acidosis developed despite conservative
treatment and hemodialysis was therefore initiated. Bilateral enlargement of the kidneys was noted
in urinary system ultrasonography (USG). Percutaneous kidney biopsy was performed and pathologic
examination of biopsy specimens was significant for diffuse malignant lymphoid infiltration of the
renal tubulointerstitium. Immunohistochemical examination (IHE) revealed CD20, CD10 and MUM1
positive neoplastic cells. High grade diffuse large B cell lymphoma was diagnosed. Case 2: A 65-yearold male patient was diagnosed with squamous cell lung carcinoma and underwent left pneumonectomy
in April 2009. At that time, his serum creatinine level was 1.2/mg/dl. Macroscopic hematuria and 0.5g/
day proteinuria was detected 11 months after the diagnosis. On physical examination pallor, absence of
breath sounds on left hemithorax and hepatomegaly palpable 2 cm below the right costal margin were
noticed. His laboratory tests were significant for anemia, a BUN level of 85 mg/dl and serum creatinin
level of 4.2 mg/dl. The sizes of both kidneys and their parenchymal thicknesses were within normal limits on urinary USG. Pathology examination of percutaneous kidney biopsy specimens demonstrated malignant cell infiltration of the renal
tubulointersititium. IHE of the specimens were negative for cytokeratin-20 and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) but were positive for P63. A
diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma metastasis to kidneys was made. Conclusion: Tumor cell infiltration of kidneys from a distant source is a rare
cause of ARF. Kidney biopsy should be performed to reveal the underlying etiology of ARF in cases where there is a high degree of suspicion, .

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