Turkish Journal of Nephrology
Original Article

The Effect of Oral Health Care and Training in Patients Undergoing Dialysis on the Prevention of Intraoral Complications

1.

Department of Nursing, Eurasia University Faculty of Health Sciences, Trabzon, Türkiye

2.

Department of Nursing, University of Health Sciences Faculty of Nursing, İstanbul, Türkiye

Turkish J Nephrol 2023; 32: 288-295
DOI: 10.5152/turkjnephrol.2023.22324
Read: 502 Downloads: 280 Published: 29 September 2023

Objective: This study aims to determine the effects of oral health care and education on the prevention of intraoral complications in patients undergoing dialysis.

Methods: In this study, a quasi-experimental pretest/post-test control group design was adopted. The patients in the study group performed oral care for 4 weeks, brushing twice a day and flossing once a day, in line with oral healthcare education. The control group did not receive any training.

Results: It was found that the tooth brushing habits decreased as the education level decreased (P = .009), the frequency of oral care decreased after the beginning of dialysis (P = .011), and the patients who regularly brushed their teeth before dialysis could not brush their teeth as often after starting dialysis because of a "lack of time" (P = .000). Plaque index and gingival index scores were found to be lower after oral care practices and education in the study (P = .000). These scores were higher in the control group that did not apply any oral care practices (P = .000).

Conclusion: In conclusion, it was determined that oral health care and education have a positive effect on relieving and preventing intraoral complications.

Cite this article as: Kızıltan B, Şendir M. The effect of oral health care and training in patients undergoing dialysis on the prevention of intraoral complications. Turk J Nephrol. 2023;32(4):288-295.

Files
EISSN 2667-4440