Turkish Journal of Nephrology
Review Article

Novel Biomarkers of Kidney Injury: Possibility Toward Preventive Strategies

1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Koç University, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Türkiye

2.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Koç University, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Türkiye

Turkish J Nephrol 2023; 32: 181-187
DOI: 10.5152/turkjnephrol.2023.22129426
Read: 591 Downloads: 343 Published: 01 July 2023

Acute kidney injury is a common comorbidity especially observed in hospitalized patients with high morbidity and mortal- ity. However, biomarkers assessing the degree or etiology of acute kidney injury and predictive markers to detect the risk of acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease progression are lacking. Serum or urinary creatinine, cystatin C, urine albu- min-to-creatinine or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and chitinase 3-like 1 have commonly been utilized as potential markers while all have significant limitations restricting their clinical use. In this review, we aim to evaluate the possible role of selected novel biomarkers including myo-inositol oxygenase, microRNA, cell cycle arrest molecules, Dickkopf-related protein 3, and a few pro-inflammatory cytokines that may have clinical significance by providing a tool for early detection of acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease pro- gression risk and identify high-risk patients for such medical comorbidity.

Cite this article as: Çopur S, Hasbal NB, Kanbay M. Novel biomarkers of kidney injury: possibility toward preventive strategies. Turk J Nephrol. 2023;32(3):181-187.

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