Turkish Journal of Nephrology
Original Article

Methyl Alcohol Poisoning: An Analysis of 18 Consecutive Cases

1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

2.

Department of Intensive Care Unit, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

Turkish J Nephrol 2021; 30: 57-62
DOI: 10.5152/turkjnephrol.2020.4515
Read: 119 Downloads: 21 Published: 04 January 2021

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the importance of a multidisciplinary approach by reflecting real-life data in methanol intoxication.

Materials and Methods: A total of 18 patients, treated between January 2018 and January 2020 for methanol poisoning, were included in this retrospective study. The patients were stratified as non-survivors and survivors. Systemic findings and laboratory parameters of patients during admission and follow-up in intensive care were compared.

Results: A total of 7 patients in the non-survivor group (NG) and 11 patients in the survivor group (SG) were included in the study. There was no difference between the groups in terms of age and sex. The most common findings were gastrointestinal symptoms (72%), followed by dyspnea (61%), and visual impairment (61%). The serum bicarbonate levels were significantly lower, whereas serum lactate, base deficit, serum creatinine, and hemodialysis durations were significantly higher in NG patients than in SG patients (p=0.035, p=0,020, p=0.027, p=0.003, and p=0.002, respectively). There was a strong correlation between survival and creatinine level, hypotension, dyspnea, the need for invasive mechanical ventilation, and hemodialysis duration (r=0.692, p=0.001; r=-0.798, p<0.001; r=-0.636, p=0.005; r=-0.892, p<0.001; r=0.721, p=0.001, respectively)

Conclusion: Despite effective management in methanol intoxication, mortality and morbidity rates were high in the sample. The treatment of methanol poisoning requires a multidisciplinary approach.

Cite this article as: Çetinkaya A, Aslan Sırakaya H, Aydın K. Methyl Alcohol Poisoning: An Analysis of 18 Consecutive Cases. Turk J Nephrol 2021; 30(1): 57-62.

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