Turkish Journal of Nephrology
Case Report

An Unexpected Agent in a Child with Urinary Tract Infection: Haemophilus influenzae

1.

İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Medical Microbiology, İzmir, Turkey

2.

İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, İzmir, Turkey

Turkish J Nephrol 2017; 26: 236-238
DOI: 10.5262/tndt.2017.1002.19
Read: 571 Downloads: 241 Published: 31 January 2019

Haemophilus influenzae, particularly in children, causeslocal and systemic infectionssuch asmeningitis, pneumonia, epiglottitis, otitis media,sinusitis and bacteremia. This bacterium hasrarely been implicated as the causative agent of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. Most of the reported cases on UTIs due to H. influenzae were associated with urinary tract abnormalities and/or recurrent UTIs. Because of the inability of H. influenzae to grow in standard media commonly used for urine cultures, the true incidence of UTIs due to this potential pathogen is unknown. In this report, we present a case of UTI caused by H. influenzae in a 17-year-old boy with bilateral nephrolithiasis and hydronephrosis. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of UTI caused by H. influenzae in Turkey.

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