Turkish Journal of Nephrology
Original Article

A Comparison of Laparoscopic and Conventional Methods in Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Placement in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease: Single Center Experience

1.

Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Ankara, Turkey

Turkish J Nephrol 2014; 23: 181-184
DOI: 10.5262/tndt.2014.1003.02
Read: 758 Downloads: 475 Published: 08 February 2019

OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus on superiority of peritoneal dialysis catheter placement methods to each other in the literature.Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in complications between laparoscopic and percutaneous PD catheter placement methods performed in our hospital.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Forty patients with ESRD files were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups according to the placement method of PD catheters; namely, the Percutaneous Group (PG) and the Laparoscopic Group (LG).

RESULTS: Dialysate leakage was seen only in one patient in PG (3.33%) while it was not seen in LG (p= 0.75). Malposition was detected only in five patients in PG (16.7%) and it was not seen in LG (p= 0.22). Catheter dysfunction occurred in four patients in PG (13.3%) while it was not seen in LG (p= 0.30). Hemoperitoneum did not develop in PG while it appeared in one patient (10%) in LG (p=0.25). Early peritonitis was detected in four patients in PG (13.3%) and in one (10%) patient in LG (p = 0.78). Exit site infection developed only in 10 patients (33.3%) from PG; however, it did not develop in LG (p=0.04).

CONCLUSION: Percutaneous PD catheter placement was preferred in our center, and fewer complications were observed with laparoscopic methods. We recommend laparoscopic PD catheter placement in patients with morbid obesity, prior abdominal surgery, herniation or malposition developing due to the percutaneous method and where percutaneous fixation is not possible. 

Files
EISSN 2667-4440